CdTe quantum dots modified electrodes ITO-(Polycation/QDs) for carbon dioxide reduction to methanol
Diego Guzmána, Mauricio Isaacsb, Tatsuya Tsukuda, Seiji Yamazoe, Ryo Takahata, Ricardo Schrebler, Ana Burgos, Igor Osorio-Román, Francisco Castillo
Appl. Surf. Sci, 509, 145386 (2020)
The present work describes the characterization by atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and electrochemical techniques of ITO modified electrodes with electrostatic assemblies (Polycation/Quantum Dots) and their use in the electro- and photoelectrocatalytic reduction of CO2. These assemblies were prepared with polycations poly-diallyldimethylammonium (PD) and poly-(2-trimethylammonium) ethyl methacrylate (PM) and nanocrystals of CdTe of 2.77 nm (Q2). The size of the nanocrystals was controlled by the synthesis reflux time and incorporated by electric field directed Layer-by-Layer assembly method (EFDLA). The polycations were characterised by NMR measurements; showing important effects on the electrostatic assemblies. PM modified electrodes, with its lower rigidity, exhibited less roughness than the PD modified electrodes, 8.0 nm versus 32.8 nm, and higher heterogeneity in its surface composition. Higher resistance to the charge transfer and time constants were obtained with PMQ2 modified electrode, 63.8 Ω cm−2 and 2.69 ms versus 49.30 Ω cm−2 and 1.3 ms for PDQ2. The electro- and photoelectro properties for CO2 reduction were studied through j-E curves and potential controlled electrolysis. Modified surfaces were active toward the reduction of CO2, with a positive shift of the activity between darkness and irradiation conditions, 0.050 V with PDQ2 and 0.450 V with PMQ2. The main product of the CO2 reduction was CH3OH, with traces of CO and HCOOH. The PM modified electrodes with QDs of 2.77 nm presented a selective behaviour for the production of CH3OH.